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用英语讲述中国故事, 传承中国文化,传递中国精神

时间:2020-10-26 09:14:58   作者:教务处  来源:  点击:
        ----重阳节
  “人生易老天难老,岁岁重阳,今又重阳。”农历九月九日,为传统的重阳节●!兑拙分邪“六”定为阴数,把“九”定为阳数,九月九日,日月并阳,两九相重,故而叫重阳,也叫重九。
  一.Poems
  重阳节有登高的习俗,金秋九月,天高气爽,这个季节登高远望可达到心旷神怡、健身祛病的目的。中国历代许多文人雅士,每当此时,登上高处,一面饮菊花酒,一面吟诗,留下无数诗篇。
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《九月九日忆山东兄弟》
                 王维
独在异乡为异客,每逢佳节倍思亲。
遥知兄弟登高处,遍插茱萸少一人。
Thinking of my Brothers on Mountain Climbing Day
                       By Wang Wei
Alone, a lonely stranger in a foreign land,
I doubly pine for kinsfolk on a holiday.
I know my brothers would, with dogwood spray in hand,
Climb up mountain and miss me so far away.
 二.Legend
  重阳节这天,民间有出游赏秋,登高,赏菊,插茱萸,吃重阳糕,饮菊花酒等活动,你知道吗?这些风俗习惯背后还有一个传说。
  In ancient times, there lived a man named Huan Jing. He was learning the magic arts from Fei Zhangfang, who had become an immortal after many years of practicing Taoism. One day, Fei Zhangfang told Huan Jing that on the ninth day of the ninth lunar month, disaster will come to his hometown and all the people will get infected and killed by the monster. On hearing this, Huan Jing rushed home and asked the villagers to do exactly as his teacher said. They all climbed to the top of a nearby mountain with a spray of dogwood in hand and did not return until the evening. Most importantly, they all drank some chrysanthemum wine. By following Fei’s instructions, all the villagers drove the monster away and lived peacefully.
  Since then, climbing a mountain, carrying a spray of dogwood and drinking chrysanthemum wine became the traditional activities of the Double Ninth Festival to avoid evil spirits and misfortunes.
  三.A spray of dogwood
  重阳节又被称为“茱萸节”,茱萸,雅号“辟邪翁”,是重阳节的重要标志。
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  茱萸是一种可以做中药的果实,它是一种常绿小乔木,树几乎可以长到一丈多高,叶为羽状复叶,初夏开绿白色的小花,结实似椒子;秋后成熟。果实嫩时呈黄色,成熟后变成紫红色,有温中、止痛、理气等功效。茱萸叶还可治霍乱,根可以杀虫●!侗静莞倌俊匪邓缎晾狈枷悖晕氯龋梢灾魏尽9湃巳衔宕镙牵梢员傩叭ピ帧
  随着人们生活状态的改善,人们不仅关注目前的现实生活,而且对未来生活给予了更多的期盼,祈求长生与延寿。所以“延寿客”(菊花)的地位最终盖过了“避邪瓮”(茱萸)。
  四. Chrysanthemum wine
  重阳佳节,我国有饮菊花酒的传统习俗。在“霜降之时,唯此草盛茂”,故菊花又名“延寿客”。菊花酒,在古代被看作是重阳必饮、祛灾祈福的“吉祥酒”。由于菊花酒能疏风除热、养肝明目、消炎解毒,故具有较高的药用价值。除登高插茱萸外,亲友们三五相邀,同饮菊酒,共赏黄花,确实别有一番情趣。
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  五.The Double Ninth cake
  重阳节吃重阳糕。高和糕谐音,作为节日食品,最早是庆祝秋粮丰收,喜尝新粮的用意,以后民间才有了登高吃糕,取步步高的吉祥之意。
  The Double Ninth cake is also known as “chrysanthemum cake” or “flower cake”. It dates back to Zhou Dynasty. It is said that the cake was originally prepared after autumn harvests for farmers to have a taste of what was just in season, and it gradually grew into the present cake for people to eat on the Double Ninth Day.
  六.The modern meaning
  今天的重阳节,将传统习俗与现代文明巧妙结合,已成为尊老、敬老、爱老、助老的老年人的节日。我国在1989年将每年的这一天定为“老人节”;2006年5月20日,重阳节被国务院列入首批国家级非物质文化遗产名录。It helps people to develop a sense of respecting and caring for the old. 让我们跟随李华去过重阳节吧●!
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  今年是中国人民志愿军抗美援朝出国作战70周年,老一辈革命家为维护国际正义、捍卫世界和平、保卫新生共和国作出了巨大贡献●!他们的事迹值得我们铭记,他们的精神值得我们世代传承●! May the elderly live a long and healthy life!
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撰稿:高一英语备课组
编辑:李雪梅
审定:袁世武